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Health benefits of Herring Caviar Oil

The special lipid composition and the high content of Omega-3 phospholipids makes Herring Caviar Oil a premium ingredient that may provide health benefits throughout life 

Superb bioavailability

Omega-3 fatty acids from the phospholipids in Herring Caviar Oil are readily bioavailable and incorporated into cellular membranes more efficiently than traditional omega-3 fish oils. (1,2)

 

Herring Caviar oil is therefore an efficient nutrient source for bolstering and maintaining a healthy omega-3 index throughout life. 

Source of choline

The phospholipids in Herring Caviar Oil contain the essential nutrient choline. Choline is an important component of cell membranes and is a precursor to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Choline is also important for lipid metabolism and in maintaining liver health.  

Prenatal nutrition

The naturally high DHA content in Herring Caviar Oil makes it a premium supplement to offer expectant and breastfeeding mothers. Placental DHA transfer mirrors maternal plasma concentrations, and it has also been shown that DHA in breastmilk varies with maternal intake. (3,4)

 

DHA and choline have a synergistic relationship, where the simultaneous intake of choline and DHA has been shown to optimize uptake and bioavailability. Both of these essential nutrients are necessary for brain development and neural processing outcomes in the child, including recognition memory. (5-7)

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Brain & Healthy Aging

DHA is essential for brain function and must be acquired from the diet. DHA is concentrated in the brain, where it has important structural functions in addition to being a precursor to the important lipid mediator neuroprotectin D1. 

The phosphatidylcholines in Herring Caviar Oil are precursors to lyso-forms that facilitates for active uptake of DHA to the brain. (8-10) Thus, opening for the possibility of more focused supplementation of DHA to the brain from the phospholipids in Herring Caviar Oil.  

Check out our document section for in-depth information on the science surrounding the products in the Arctic Bioscience portfolio

EFSA approved health claims for Herring Caviar Oil

DHA contributes to maintenance of normal brain function

DHA maternal intake contributes to the normal brain development of the foetus and breastfed infants

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DHA contributes to the maintenance of normal vision

DHA maternal intake contributes to the normal development of the eye of the foetus and breastfed infants

DHA contributes to the normal visual development of infants up to 12 months of age.

EPA and DHA contribute to the normal function of the heart

 

Choline contributes to normal lipid metabolism

 

Choline contributes to normal homocysteine metabolism 

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Choline contributes to the maintenance of normal liver function

+ 9 approved claims on Vitamin D

+1 approved claim on Vitamin E

List of references

  1. Bjørndal, B. et al. (2014). Phospholipids from herring roe improve plasma lipids and glucose tolerance in healthy, young adults. Lipids Health Dis., 13:82

  2. Cook, C. M. et al. (2016). Bioavailability of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from phospholipid-rich herring roe oil in men and women with mildly elevated triacylglycerols. Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty acids, 111, 17–24.

  3. Bernhard, W. et al. (2016). Developmental Changes in Polyunsaturated Fetal Plasma Phospholipids and Feto-Maternal Plasma Phospholipid Ratios and Their Association with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. Eur. J. Nutr., 55 (7), 2265–2274.

  4. Helland, I. B. et al. (1998). Fatty Acid Composition in Maternal Milk and Plasma during Supplementation with Cod Liver Oil. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 52 (11), 839–845.

  5. Mun, J. G. et al. (2019). Choline and DHA in Maternal and Infant Nutrition: Synergistic Implications in Brain and Eye Health. Nutrients, 11 (5).

  6. Zeisel, S. H. (2006). The Fetal Origins of Memory: The Role of Dietary Choline in Optimal Brain Development. J. Pediatr., 149 (5), 131–S136.

  7. Bernhard, W. et al. (2019). Combined Choline and DHA Supplementation: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Eur. J. Nutr., 1–11.

  8. Nguyen, L. N. et al. (2014). Mfsd2a is a transporter for the essential omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid. Nature. 22(509), 503-506.

  9. Betsholtz, C. (2014). Physiology: Double function at the blood-brain barrier. Nature, 22(509), 432-433.

  10. a) Sugasini et al. (2019). Enrichment of Brain Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) Is Highly Dependent upon the Molecular Carrier of Dietary DHA: Lysophosphatidylcholine Is More Efficient than Either Phosphatidylcholine or Triacylglycerol. J. Nutr. Biochem., 74, 108231. b) Sugasini, D. et al. (2017). Dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) as lysophosphatidylcholine, but not as free acid, enriches brain DHA and improves memory in adult mice. Sci. Rep., 7(1), 11263.